Nasal polyps - Symptoms and causes
Nasal polyps - Symptoms and causes

Nasal polyps have been quite famous among the researchers, as the growth rate in a number of patients has come to 4% of the population. [1] It is an uncontrolled fibrous growth which appears like a grape or a sac protruding out from the maxillary sinus cavity, side or upper lining of the nose. Nasal polyps symptoms seem familiar to many allergic, sinusitis and other respiratory disorders with the only difference that includes the benign tumor which is usually nonmalignant.

Science Behind Occurrence Of Nasal Polyposis

The formation of nasal polyposis is unknown, but it is highly related to autonomic nervous system disorder, chronic inflammation, and genetic predisposition. Situations causing chronic inflammation in people are known to trigger polyposis. Famous theories are revolving around the cause of nasal polyps which are widely adapted by the doctors to make an appropriate diagnosis. Out of all, Bernstein’s Theory has made some sense with research data and evidence collected from various patients.

Large choanal polyp seen with nasal endoscopy
Large choanal polyp seen with nasal endoscopy – By Michael Hawke MD – Own work, CC BY 4.0,

It says that chronic inflammation is caused in response to the interactions of a viral-bacterial host in airflow. The origin of polyp could depend on the concentration of histamine produced by mast cells and basophils. This causes the mucosa walls to swell and form a polyp by increasing sodium absorption leading to water retention.

Who Are At The Brink Of Catching It?

The origin of Nasal Polyp is a matter of question but studies have prevailed that their association with some health conditions are very obvious. Sinusitis, asthma, aspirin allergy, infections, or cystic fibrosis could act as triggers. Usually, people belonging to 40 or above age group develop this condition. Also, men are more likely to get affected and it is rarely observed in children below the age of 10. In fact, the data reveals that 13% of non-allergic asthma patients get it in comparison to 5% of allergic asthma patients. [2]

The Usual Appearance & Symptoms

Polyps are soft sacs without any sensation but filled with blood vessels. These lesions may occur in multiple numbers or remain singular. Single polyp doesn’t cause life-altering effects and has least recurrence rate upon removal. But multiple polyps are dangerous for life and lifestyle. When they are inflamed, they extend into nostrils, sinus cavities and in worst cases, oropharynx. Some of the common symptoms observed in patients [3] :

  • Loss of ability to taste and smell
  • Trouble in breathing
  • Maxillofacial pain
  • Running nose
  • Loss of sight
  • Insomnia
  • Sudden allergic reactions
  • Trouble in swallowing food
  • Continuous sneezing, coughing
  • Migraine and common headache
  • Worsening of asthma and sinusitis

The Diagnosis From Doctors’ Point Of View

The lumps are clearly visible in the nasal tract which could also be examined using Otoscope by the doctors. As per the etiology of the disease, it is advised to go through proper investigation which involves following steps:

Step 1: Direct Visualization

Ranging from Grade 0 to 3 based on the size of lesions and obstruction caused by them, endoscopic examination is carried forward. This helps to determine the method of treatment that would be followed by the patient. Surgery is only performed if the patient has reached Grade 3.

Step 2: Imaging

X-rays and ultrasound do not create strong imaging which limits their use in the evaluation of NP. Otorhinolaryngologist prefers CT Scanning of the brain and frontal sinus sites. This gives a detailed version of the reports on the nasal cavities and extends of polyp growth.

Step 3: Elementary Medical Recommendation

Never, a doctor would suggest getting the polyp operated out at first sight. The sequence may include immunology, allergy testing, and prescription of drugs like Nasonex nasal spray [4].

Step 4: Surgery & Post-Surgery Routine

After close observation of nasal growth with and without the medicine, doctors recommend surgery when the lesions seem to block the pathway completely. Medication to reduce blood loss during the surgery is given along with antibiotics. Post-surgery saline flushes are crucial to remove debris and blood clot from the cavities and tract.

Effective Methods To Prevent & Cure Nasal Polyps

When the treatment is delivered through allopathy; medicine and surgery are the only two options. However, if you go deeper in natural therapy and herbal treatment, then there are various options to reduce the chances of catching up with the disease and also improve the existing status.

Check out some of the painless and cost-efficient methods which are even more effective than existing allopathic treatments [5]:

  1. Steam Inhalation

Acute inflammation of sinuses could cause you discomfort, but steam inhalation can do wonders in many ways. Steam delivers heat impact on the surface which makes the mucus flow and reduces the swelling.

  1. Saline Solution Flushes

Prepare homemade saline solution to clear nasal tract from infections and blood clots to enhance the biological environment of cavities. Regular cleaning maintains the hygiene and reduces the chances of ingrown microorganisms.

  1. Apple Cider Vinegar [6]

Inhaling ACV vapor is a known remedy for getting rid of congestion and infection. Just add three tablespoons of ACV in hot water and inhale the mixture for 5-10 minutes at a sitting. It reduces mucus and infection that causes the polyp growth.

  1. Bromelain

Bromelain is a fruit-based compound which is anti-inflammatory along with being a protein-digestive enzyme. It is best used to reduce nasal swelling, production of mucus, drainage of mucus and decrease facial and headache.

  1. Tea Tree Oil

This essential oil is a great remedy for sinus and can be added with a carrier oil to add into a list of benefits. Coconut oil, olive oil, and other essential oils can be great alternatives but highly recommended is Castor oil due to its property to shrink the lesions.

  1. Garlic & Onion

Two of the great home remedies to decrease nose clogging & enlargement of fibrous growth are garlic & onion. Add them to your regular diet, as they are anti-inflammatory and antibacterial herbs.

  1. Citric Fruits

Citric fruits are synonymous with Vitamin C which is required to boost the immune system and treat common flu and diseases like infections, inflammation, etc. You can pop a supplement for Vitamin C or just add lots of fruits like oranges, lemons, grapefruits, etc.

  1. Nasal Irrigation

Nasal irrigation is a practice to ward off infection and clogging by flushing water through one nostril and pushing it out from other. You should only try this in the supervision of a practitioner or doctor. Once you go through an operation, you’d be suggested to emit out the debris through this process.

  1. Deep Breathing

Meditation and deep breathing lead to healthier living. Apart from imparting relaxation, it foists the nasal tract to breathe in oxygen that reaches the depths of lungs. This, in return, strengthens lung capacity and clears the tracts.

  1. Magnolia [7]

Magnolia tree and its flower have astringent properties which are why this herb has been used as traditional Chinese treatment. It breaks down the mucus and protects the nasal membrane from getting infected. As it increases the blood circulation in the membrane, it is preferred as one of the best treatments for flu and ENT diseases.

  1. Green Leafy Vegetables

Nutrients help you to gain immunity against the disease and reduce its effects. The best source of consuming them is none other than the green vegetables themselves. The source of Vitamin A, E, and C along with beta-carotene is the organic compounds which shrink the size of abnormal mass growth.

  1. Horseradish With Honey

This powerful herb can clear out your toughest congestion within a few days. Due to its strength, herbal department infuses it in almost all the medicines for cold and flu. Honey, being the anti-inflammatory and antiseptic agent, decreases any mass growth in the nose and treats the infection.

This affirmative list of treatment gives a clear sign that this disease shouldn’t fret you as it is extremely curable with simple methods. All you have to do is to be focused on your routine and mow down all the provoking elements.

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