When blood vessels in your body are damaged or the functioning of your heart is impaired, it may lead to what is known as heart or cardiovascular disease. Fatty acid deposits called plaque can form a build-up in your blood vessels which might block them or even lead to blood clots. Heart disease can cause serious and fatal health conditions, with heart attacks being the most common of them all.
All conditions to the heart, if left untreated, may lead to death. Many people succumb to heart disorders, and it is one of the leading causes of death in the world. This is why any condition of the heart should be treated at the earliest. The best cardiac treatment hospitals in Bangalore provide exceptional care and only offer the best treatment options that suit your condition and lifestyle.
To treat your disorder, your cardiologist might recommend many treatment plans, which could include changes in your lifestyle, surgery, and medication.
Your cardiologist at the best cardiac treatment hospitals in Bangalore might suggest a combination of different medications and treatment options for you, depending on various factors like your previous medical health history, the history of your family’s medical conditions, your lifestyle, the medications you are on and many more. They may run many tests like x-rays, ECGs, and more to study your cardiovascular functions and test for abnormalities. Once your condition is diagnosed, your cardiologist will plan what further action will be needed. Some of the common and popular treatment options include:
Various medications play a vital role in treating heart conditions; the most popular include:
- Anticoagulants: Commonly known as blood thinners, anticoagulant medications can prevent blood clots. Warfarin is a common anticoagulant.
- Antiplatelet therapies: These are also aimed at preventing clots and are alternatives to anticoagulants in some cases. Aspirin is a common example of this medication.
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors: It aids in treating heart failure and high blood pressure by allowing the blood vessels to expand. Benazepril is a common example.
- Angiotensin II receptor blockers: These can aid in controlling blood pressure as well. Valsartan is a good example.
- Angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibitors: These aid in opening up narrowed arteries to treat heart failure.
- Beta-blockers: Medication like Atenolol and others in this class can lower the heart rate and decrease blood pressure. They are also used to treat arrhythmias and angina.
- Calcium channel blockers: These medications reduce the blood pressure as well and prevent arrhythmias by bringing down the pumping strength of the heart. It also relaxes the blood vessels. One of the common examples of this medicine is diltiazem.
- Cholesterol-lowering medications: Statins, such as atorvastatin and other types of medicines, can aid in lowering the levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in the body.
- Digitalis: These medicines are used to increase the strength of the heart’s pumping function. They also help in treating heart failure and arrhythmias.
- Diuretics: Diuretics are used in reducing the workload on the heart, lowering blood pressure, and removing any excess water in the body.
- Vasodilators: These are medications used to decrease one’s blood pressure. This medicine achieves this by relaxing the blood vessels. They also help reduce chest pain.
A cardiologist will monitor a patient’s reactions and cross-check their medication history to figure out the best medication for each patient. To lower the side effects as much as possible, your doctor will work with you to find the best combination of these medications.
Some heart disorders cannot be treated with medications or prevented with lifestyle changes. In these cases, your cardiologist may refer you to the best cardiac surgeon to discuss surgical treatments.
Some types of surgery include:
- Coronary artery bypass surgery: This is a surgery that concentrates on blocked arteries. Coronary artery bypass allows blood to reach a part of the heart when an artery is blocked and is one of the most common surgeries. A surgeon will use a healthy blood vessel from any other part of the body and repair the blocked artery.
- Valve replacement or repair: A surgeon can perform surgery to remove, replace or repair a valve of the heart which has ceased to function.
- Repair surgery: These surgeries concentrate on repairing congenital heart defects, aneurysms, and other defects.
- Device implantation: Devices are inserted into the heart or around the heart to properly regulate, support, and monitor the blood flow and heartbeat. These devices include pacemakers, catheters, and others.
- Laser treatment: Transmyocardial laser revascularization is used to treat angina.
- Maze surgery: Through this surgery, new paths are created for electrical signals to pass through. This surgery is used in treating atrial fibrillation.
- Heart transplants: These surgeries are extremely complex and tricky and are only performed when the other options have dried out. This procedure involves transplanting the old, faulty heart with a new functioning one from a donor. However, procuring a heart at the right moment can be quite tricky.
To find the best treatment options for you or your loved one, visit the best cardiac treatment hospital in Bangalore today!